Attack damage

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Attack damage is the amount of damage a unit is shown to deal with a regular attack. A unit's total attack damage is the sum of its main attack damage (white) and bonus attack damage (green). Attack damage is modified by many different effects in the game and ends up going through a number of steps in order to determine how much damage an attack actually deals as its overall or total attack damage.

Total attack damage[edit]

Properties of a level 1 Sniper with Blades of Attack: Sniper's base attack damage varies by 6; main attack damage is white, bonus attack damage green.

Calculating the total damage of an attack involves using many different multipliers and values. Total attack damage is synonymous with how much health a target immediately loses as a direct result of the attack. Some on-hit effects that are not affected by critical strike are still considered part of attack damage, and some are not.

Formula:

Damage =
{ [Main Attack Damage × (1 + Σ Percentage Bonuses) + Flat Bonuses]
× Crit Multiplier - Blocked Damage }
× Armor Multipliers
× General Damage Multipliers

Base attack damage[edit]

Base attack damage is the part of the main attack damage that stays the same throughout a game. It consists of two values, a minimum and maximum amount. Every time an attack is issued, a random value between these two extremes is chosen to help decide the damage output. The most extreme hero example of this is Chaos Knight, with base attack damage ranging between 29 and 59, causing his damage output to be somewhat unpredictable (or at least much less predictable than other heroes). This range of 30 is always part of his attack calculations, no matter how many attributes or how much bonus attack damage he acquires.

Main attack damage[edit]

Main attack damage is the damage value shown in white numbers on a hero's statistics consisting of the base attack damage with the damage granted by a hero's primary attribute on top. A hero's main attack damage can only be increased by raising its primary attribute, or by very few specific abilities. Attribute points can be acquired by leveling up, or by using specific items, abilities, or talents that raise attributes.

Formula:

main attack damage = base attack damage + total primary attribute points + ability bonuses.
Hero attack damage
Hero Base Attack Damage Starting Main Attack Damage Max Main Attack Damage Damage Range
Minimum Damage Maximum Damage Minimum Damage Maximum Damage Minimum Damage Maximum Damage
Abaddon icon.png Abaddon 28 38 51 61 123 133 10
Alchemist icon.png Alchemist 24 33 49 58 114 123 9
Ancient Apparition icon.png Ancient Apparition 21 31 44 54 126 136 10
Anti-Mage icon.png Anti-Mage 29 33 53 57 120 124 4
Arc Warden icon.png Arc Warden 31 41 47 57 107 117 10
Axe icon.png Axe 27 31 52 56 134 138 4
Bane icon.png Bane 35 41 57 63 119 125 6
Batrider icon.png Batrider 16 20 38 42 108 112 4
Beastmaster icon.png Beastmaster 37 41 60 64 130 134 4
Bloodseeker icon.png Bloodseeker 33 39 55 61 137 143 6
Bounty Hunter icon.png Bounty Hunter 30 38 51 59 113 121 8
Brewmaster icon.png Brewmaster 29 36 52 59 141 148 7
Bristleback icon.png Bristleback 25 35 47 57 117 127 10
Broodmother icon.png Broodmother 29 35 44 50 121 127 6
Centaur Warrunner icon.png Centaur Warrunner 36 38 63 65 173 175 2
Chaos Knight icon.png Chaos Knight 29 59 51 81 133 163 30
Chen icon.png Chen 25 35 44 54 121 131 10
Clinkz icon.png Clinkz 15 21 37 43 102 108 6
Clockwerk icon.png Clockwerk 24 26 50 52 134 136 2
Crystal Maiden icon.png Crystal Maiden 28 34 44 50 123 129 6
Dark Seer icon.png Dark Seer 33 39 54 60 128 134 6
Dark Willow icon.png Dark Willow 27 35 45 53 129 137 8
Dazzle icon.png Dazzle 22 28 47 53 136 142 6
Death Prophet icon.png Death Prophet 27 39 51 63 135 147 12
Disruptor icon.png Disruptor 29 33 49 53 119 123 4
Doom icon.png Doom 30 46 54 70 143 159 16
Dragon Knight icon.png Dragon Knight 31 37 50 56 132 138 6
Drow Ranger icon.png Drow Ranger 31 38 51 58 121 128 7
Earth Spirit icon.png Earth Spirit 25 35 47 57 153 163 10
Earthshaker icon.png Earthshaker 27 37 49 59 138 148 10
Elder Titan icon.png Elder Titan 23 33 49 59 121 131 10
Ember Spirit icon.png Ember Spirit 33 37 55 59 117 121 4
Enchantress icon.png Enchantress 23 33 45 55 136 146 10
Enigma icon.png Enigma 24 30 43 49 129 135 6
Faceless Void icon.png Faceless Void 33 39 56 62 128 134 6
Grimstroke icon.png Grimstroke 21 25 46 50 137 141 4
Gyrocopter icon.png Gyrocopter 21 31 40 50 126 136 10
Huskar icon.png Huskar 21 26 42 47 119 124 5
Invoker icon.png Invoker 29 35 44 50 154 160 6
Io icon.png Io 22 31 39 48 111 120 9
Jakiro icon.png Jakiro 27 35 53 61 130 138 8
Juggernaut icon.png Juggernaut 16 20 50 54 117 121 4
Keeper of the Light icon.png Keeper of the Light 18 25 41 48 118 125 7
Kunkka icon.png Kunkka 26 36 50 60 141 151 10
Legion Commander icon.png Legion Commander 35 39 60 64 139 143 4
Leshrac icon.png Leshrac 22 26 44 48 128 132 4
Lich icon.png Lich 24 33 48 57 146 155 9
Lifestealer icon.png Lifestealer 21 27 46 52 104 110 6
Lina icon.png Lina 19 31 49 61 138 150 12
Lion icon.png Lion 29 35 47 53 131 137 6
Lone Druid icon.png Lone Druid 18 22 38 42 105 109 4
Luna icon.png Luna 32 38 50 56 132 138 6
Lycan icon.png Lycan 24 29 50 55 132 137 5
Magnus icon.png Magnus 32 40 57 65 141 149 8
Mars icon.png Mars 29 37 52 60 134 142 8
Medusa icon.png Medusa 24 30 46 52 132 138 6
Meepo icon.png Meepo 22 28 39 45 82 88 6
Mirana icon.png Mirana 27 32 45 50 134 139 5
Monkey King icon.png Monkey King 29 35 51 57 140 146 6
Morphling icon.png Morphling 9 18 33 42 136 145 9
Naga Siren icon.png Naga Siren 23 25 44 46 128 130 2
Nature's Prophet icon.png Nature's Prophet 27 37 50 60 139 149 10
Necrophos icon.png Necrophos 26 30 47 51 112 116 4
Night Stalker icon.png Night Stalker 38 42 61 65 133 137 4
Nyx Assassin icon.png Nyx Assassin 27 31 46 50 106 110 4
Ogre Magi icon.png Ogre Magi 39 45 54 60 114 120 6
Omniknight icon.png Omniknight 31 41 53 63 135 145 10
Oracle icon.png Oracle 13 19 39 45 135 141 6
Outworld Devourer icon.png Outworld Devourer 16 31 46 61 147 162 15
Pangolier icon.png Pangolier 33 39 51 57 128 134 6
Phantom Assassin icon.png Phantom Assassin 30 32 53 55 135 137 2
Phantom Lancer icon.png Phantom Lancer 26 40 52 66 129 143 14
Phoenix icon.png Phoenix 28 38 51 61 140 150 10
Puck icon.png Puck 23 34 46 57 130 141 11
Pudge icon.png Pudge 40 46 65 71 142 148 6
Pugna icon.png Pugna 19 27 43 51 168 176 8
Queen of Pain icon.png Queen of Pain 20 28 45 53 127 135 8
Razor icon.png Razor 23 25 45 47 107 109 2
Riki icon.png Riki 41 45 59 63 93 97 4
Rubick icon.png Rubick 24 30 49 55 123 129 6
Sand King icon.png Sand King 23 33 45 55 117 127 10
Shadow Demon icon.png Shadow Demon 29 33 50 54 129 133 4
Shadow Fiend icon.png Shadow Fiend 19 25 39 45 123 129 6
Shadow Shaman icon.png Shadow Shaman 46 53 71 78 155 162 7
Silencer icon.png Silencer 18 32 43 57 113 127 14
Skywrath Mage icon.png Skywrath Mage 14 24 39 49 137 147 10
Slardar icon.png Slardar 30 38 51 59 137 145 8
Slark icon.png Slark 32 40 53 61 94 102 8
Snapfire icon.png Snapfire 26 32 46 52 125 131 6
Sniper icon.png Sniper 19 25 40 46 122 128 6
Spectre icon.png Spectre 23 27 46 50 96 100 4
Spirit Breaker icon.png Spirit Breaker 31 41 60 70 134 144 10
Storm Spirit icon.png Storm Spirit 26 36 49 59 143 153 10
Sven icon.png Sven 41 43 63 65 140 142 2
Techies icon.png Techies 9 11 34 36 113 115 2
Templar Assassin icon.png Templar Assassin 30 36 53 59 130 136 6
Terrorblade icon.png Terrorblade 26 32 48 54 163 169 6
Tidehunter icon.png Tidehunter 25 31 52 58 136 142 6
Timbersaw icon.png Timbersaw 26 30 50 54 127 131 4
Tinker icon.png Tinker 24 30 54 60 133 139 6
Tiny icon.png Tiny 31 37 59 65 150 156 6
Treant Protector icon.png Treant Protector 62 70 87 95 169 177 8
Troll Warlord icon.png Troll Warlord 27 35 48 56 127 135 8
Tusk icon.png Tusk 27 31 50 54 144 148 4
Underlord icon.png Underlord 37 43 62 68 134 140 6
Undying icon.png Undying 35 43 57 65 124 132 8
Ursa icon.png Ursa 24 28 42 46 100 104 4
Vengeful Spirit icon.png Vengeful Spirit 21 29 41 49 132 140 8
Venomancer icon.png Venomancer 16 18 42 44 119 121 2
Viper icon.png Viper 27 29 48 50 108 110 2
Visage icon.png Visage 23 33 45 55 115 125 10
Void Spirit icon.png Void Spirit 32 36 56 60 130 134 4
Warlock icon.png Warlock 24 34 49 59 123 133 10
Weaver icon.png Weaver 36 46 50 60 124 134 10
Windranger icon.png Windranger 24 36 42 54 128 140 12
Winter Wyvern icon.png Winter Wyvern 12 19 38 45 124 131 7
Witch Doctor icon.png Witch Doctor 29 39 51 61 130 140 10
Wraith King icon.png Wraith King 40 42 62 64 134 136 2
Zeus icon.png Zeus 33 41 55 63 134 142 8

Bonus attack damage[edit]

Bonus attack damage comprises the green number next to main attack damage. It comes in two types:

Formula

bonus attack damage = sum of bonuses + sum of reductions.

Critical strike multiplier[edit]

Critical Strike is an attack modifier that multiplies the total attack damage certain factor. If an attack activates more than one critical strike, only the highest multiplier is applied.

Main Article: Critical Strike

Blocked damage[edit]

Damage Block is a passive ability that gives the unit a chance to block a certain number of physical damage from an attack. If an attack activates more than one damage block ability, only the highest block value is applied.

Main Article: Damage Block

Armor value multiplier[edit]

The target's armor influences the attack damage by a factor that asymptotically lies between 0 and 2 and is 1 for a target that has no armor.

Formula

damage multiplier = 1 - ((0.06 × armor) ÷ (1 + 0.06 × |armor|)).


Main Article: Armor

Armor type multiplier[edit]

Depending on the combination of the attack damage type and armor types, an armor type multiplier modulates the attack damage.

General damage multipliers[edit]

Main Article: Damage manipulation

A few abilities such as Bristleback and Dispersion modify all incoming damage, including attack damage. Bulwark reduces attack damage specifically.

Attack damage types[edit]

There are several different types of attack damage, which determine how much damage a unit's attack deals against certain armor types. Each of the 4 different attack types deals either reduced, increased, or unchanged damage against each of the armor types, on top of it being also manipulated by the armor value of the target.

Example
A hero with 100 attack damage attacking a siege unit which has 0 armor deals 50 damage to it, because the attack type "hero" deals 50% less damage against the armor type "structure", which is the siege creeps' and all buildings' armor type. If the siege creep would gain 5 armor, the 100 damage attack would deal (100 * 0.8 * 0.5) = 40 damage. The same attack would deal 80 damage to a unit with any other armor type, since attack type hero deals full damage to them.

This table shows how much damage each attack damage type deals against each armor type, and which units use which attack damage type:

Attack Damage Type Used by Armor Type
Hero Basic Structure
Hero Heroes, Ancient Black Dragon, Ancient Granite Golem, Ancient Prowler Shaman, Ancient Thunderhide, Boar, Centaur Conqueror, Dark Troll Summoner, Death Ward, Earth, Familiar, Fire, Forged Spirit, Hellbear Smasher, Hellbear, Necronomicon Archer, Necronomicon Warrior, Roshan, Satyr Tormenter, Skeleton Archer, Spiderling, Spirit Bear, Storm, Tempest Double, Warlock Golem, Wildwing Ripper, Wraith King Skeleton 100% 100% 50%
Basic Alpha Wolf, Ancient Prowler Acolyte, Ancient Rock Golem, Ancient Rumblehide, Centaur Courser, Eidolon, Fell Spirit, Greater Treant, Kobold Foreman, Kobold Soldier, Kobold, Lycan Wolf, Mega Melee Creep, Melee Creep, Mud Golem, Ogre Bruiser, Ogre Frostmage, Satyr Mindstealer, Shard Golem, Skeleton Warrior, Spiderite, Super Melee Creep, Treant, Wildwing 75% 100% 70%
Pierce Ancient Black Drake, Ghost, Giant Wolf, Harpy Scout, Harpy Stormcrafter, Hill Troll Berserker, Hill Troll Priest, Hill Troll, Mega Ranged Creep, Plague Ward, Ranged Creep, Satyr Banisher, Serpent Ward, Super Ranged Creep, Undying Zombie, Vhoul Assassin 50% 150% 35%
Siege Fountain, Siege Creep, Super Siege Creep, Tier 1 Tower, Tier 2 Tower, Tier 3 Tower, Tier 4 Tower 100% 100% 250%

Instant attacks[edit]

Several abilities make use of the hero's regular attacks. However, these attacks are instant. This means they do not use the hero's attack animation, are independent from attack speed and ignore the regular downtime between attacks. If an instant attack is performed by a ranged hero, it still uses their regular attack projectile for the attack, unless it is set not to. If an instant attack occurs while already attacking an enemy normally, it does not interfere with the regular attack. They do not interfere with any other actions of the hero either, meaning they do not interrupt movement, do not cancel spell casts and do not stop channeling spells of the hero.

Since instant attacks do not use attack animations and jump straight to the attack point, they cannot proc effects which react on the start of an attack, like Untouchable or Moment of Courage. However, they can proc effects which react on attack hit, such as Counter Helix and Retaliate, although there are some exceptions to this. Instant attacks may proc on-hit effects only when they are allowed to. An instant attack which is not allowed to proc attack modifiers is not allowed to proc on-hit effects either. Just like regular attacks, instant attacks also cause the attacking hero to get revealed if attacking from the Fog of War.

The following abilities make use of instant attacks:

1 Requires Talent talent.

2 Requires Aghanim's Scepter icon.png Aghanim's Scepter.

3 Grants instant attacks to tier 2, 3, and 4 towers.

4 These instant attacks may not proc any attack modifiers or on-hit effects.

5 Split Shot may not proc any attack modifiers or on-hit effects, unless the required talent is chosen.

6 Number of instant attacks is dependent on Juggernaut's attack speed.

Attack damage granting talents[edit]

The following heroes have a talent that grants them bonus attack damage.

Bonus Level 10 Level 15 Level 20 Level 25
Left Right Left Right Left Right Left Right
Bonus attack damage
  • Huskar minimap icon.png +12
  • Lycan minimap icon.png +15
  • Meepo minimap icon.png +15
  • Sniper minimap icon.png +15
  • Void Spirit minimap icon.png +15
  • Weaver minimap icon.png +15
  • Slardar minimap icon.png +20
  • Tiny minimap icon.png +25
  • Visage minimap icon.png +25
  • Io minimap icon.png +35
  • Earth Spirit minimap icon.png +50
  • Winter Wyvern minimap icon.png +50
  • Lion minimap icon.png +70
  • Brewmaster minimap icon.png +12
  • Faceless Void minimap icon.png +12
  • Mirana minimap icon.png +12
  • Ember Spirit minimap icon.png +15
  • Mars minimap icon.png +15
  • Medusa minimap icon.png +15
  • Gyrocopter minimap icon.png +16
  • Magnus minimap icon.png +20
  • Nature's Prophet minimap icon.png +20
  • Queen of Pain minimap icon.png +20
  • Beastmaster minimap icon.png +25
  • Necrophos minimap icon.png +25
  • Puck minimap icon.png +25
  • Death Prophet minimap icon.png +30
  • Kunkka minimap icon.png +30
  • Lina minimap icon.png +30
  • Dazzle minimap icon.png +50
  • Treant Protector minimap icon.png +60
  • Witch Doctor minimap icon.png +60
  • Alchemist minimap icon.png +20
  • Spirit Breaker minimap icon.png +40
  • Omniknight minimap icon.png +70
  • Lich minimap icon.png +100
  • Riki minimap icon.png +20
  • Dragon Knight minimap icon.png +25
  • Lifestealer minimap icon.png +25
  • Centaur Warrunner minimap icon.png +40
  • Enchantress minimap icon.png +40
  • Ogre Magi minimap icon.png +80
  • Troll Warlord minimap icon.png +30
  • Night Stalker minimap icon.png +35
  • Viper minimap icon.png +70
  • Abaddon minimap icon.png +80
  • Dark Willow minimap icon.png +50
  • Tidehunter minimap icon.png +200
  • Techies minimap icon.png +251

The following heroes have a talent that grants them base attack damage.

Bonus Level 10 Level 15 Level 20 Level 25
Left Right Left Right Left Right Left Right
Base attack damage
  • Rubick minimap icon.png +50
  • Earthshaker minimap icon.png +20

Attack damage increasing items[edit]

Strength[edit]

Attack damage increase for strength heroes
Item Value Item cost Cost per value point
Abyssal Blade icon.png Abyssal Blade 35 6625 189.29
Aghanim's Scepter icon.png Aghanim's Scepter 10 4200 420
Armlet of Mordiggian (Inactive) icon.png Armlet of Mordiggian 71 2475 34.86
Belt of Strength icon.png Belt of Strength 6 450 75
Black King Bar icon.png Black King Bar 34 4050 119.12
Book of the Dead icon.png Book of the Dead 30 N/A N/A
Bracer icon.png Bracer 8 510 63.75
Circlet icon.png Circlet 2 155 77.5
Clumsy Net icon.png Clumsy Net 5 N/A N/A
Crown icon.png Crown 4 450 112.5
Dagon 1 icon.png Dagon 1 6 N/A N/A
Dagon 2 icon.png Dagon 2 8 2650 331.25
Dagon 3 icon.png Dagon 3 10 3950 395
Dagon 4 icon.png Dagon 4 12 5250 437.5
Dagon 5 icon.png Dagon 5 14 6550 467.86
Dragon Lance icon.png Dragon Lance 12 1900 158.33
Drum of Endurance icon.png Drum of Endurance 6 1475 245.83
Echo Sabre icon.png Echo Sabre 27 2500 92.59
Ethereal Blade icon.png Ethereal Blade 10 4500 450
Eye of Skadi icon.png Eye of Skadi 25 5300 212
Fallen Sky icon.png Fallen Sky 20 N/A N/A
Gauntlets of Strength icon.png Gauntlets of Strength 3 145 48.33
Ghost Scepter icon.png Ghost Scepter 5 1500 300
Havoc Hammer icon.png Havoc Hammer 48 N/A N/A
Heart of Tarrasque icon.png Heart of Tarrasque 40 5400 135
Heaven's Halberd icon.png Heaven's Halberd 20 3450 172.5
Helm of the Dominator icon.png Helm of the Dominator 6 2350 391.67
Holy Locket icon.png Holy Locket 3 2500 833.33
Hurricane Pike icon.png Hurricane Pike 15 4525 301.67
Illusionist's Cape icon.png Illusionist's Cape 14 N/A N/A
Iron Branch icon.png Iron Branch 1 50 50
Ironwood Tree icon.png Ironwood Tree 6 N/A N/A
Kaya and Sange icon.png Kaya and Sange 16 4100 256.25
Linken's Sphere icon.png Linken's Sphere 14 4600 328.57
Magic Wand icon.png Magic Wand 3 450 150
Manta Style icon.png Manta Style 10 4600 460
Meteor Hammer icon.png Meteor Hammer 8 2350 293.75
Minotaur Horn icon.png Minotaur Horn 20 N/A N/A
Mirror Shield icon.png Mirror Shield 20 N/A N/A
Necronomicon 1 icon.png Necronomicon 1 6 N/A N/A
Necronomicon 2 icon.png Necronomicon 2 12 2050 170.83
Necronomicon 3 icon.png Necronomicon 3 18 3300 183.33
Null Talisman icon.png Null Talisman 2 510 255
Ocean Heart icon.png Ocean Heart 5 N/A N/A
Ogre Axe icon.png Ogre Axe 10 1000 100
Power Treads (Strength) icon.png Power Treads (Strength) 10 N/A N/A
Reaver icon.png Reaver 25 3000 120
Ring of Aquila (Active) icon.png Ring of Aquila 10 N/A N/A
Rod of Atos icon.png Rod of Atos 10 2750 275
Sange icon.png Sange 16 2050 128.13
Sange and Yasha icon.png Sange and Yasha 16 4100 256.25
Satanic icon.png Satanic 50 5800 116
Scythe of Vyse icon.png Scythe of Vyse 10 5575 557.5
Silver Edge icon.png Silver Edge 52 6100 117.31
Skull Basher icon.png Skull Basher 35 2950 84.29
Solar Crest icon.png Solar Crest 10 3725 372.5
Soul Ring icon.png Soul Ring 6 815 135.83
Spell Prism icon.png Spell Prism 12 N/A N/A
Spirit Vessel icon.png Spirit Vessel 2 2940 1470
Trident icon.png Trident 30 6150 205
Ultimate Orb icon.png Ultimate Orb 10 2050 205
Urn of Shadows icon.png Urn of Shadows 2 840 420
Vambrace (Agility) icon.png Vambrace (Agility) 5 N/A N/A
Vambrace (Intelligence) icon.png Vambrace (Intelligence) 5 N/A N/A
Vambrace (Strength) icon.png Vambrace (Strength) 10 N/A N/A
Veil of Discord icon.png Veil of Discord 4 1525 381.25
Wraith Band icon.png Wraith Band 2 510 255
Values may include portions from actives or auras.

Agility[edit]

Attack damage increase for agility heroes
Item Value Item cost Cost per value point
Aghanim's Scepter icon.png Aghanim's Scepter 10 4200 420
Band of Elvenskin icon.png Band of Elvenskin 6 450 75
Blade of Alacrity icon.png Blade of Alacrity 10 1000 100
Bracer icon.png Bracer 5 510 102
Butterfly icon.png Butterfly 55 5275 95.91
Circlet icon.png Circlet 2 155 77.5
Clumsy Net icon.png Clumsy Net 5 N/A N/A
Crown icon.png Crown 4 450 112.5
Dagon 1 icon.png Dagon 1 6 N/A N/A
Dagon 2 icon.png Dagon 2 8 2650 331.25
Dagon 3 icon.png Dagon 3 10 3950 395
Dagon 4 icon.png Dagon 4 12 5250 437.5
Dagon 5 icon.png Dagon 5 14 6550 467.86
Diffusal Blade 1 icon.png Diffusal Blade 20 3150 157.5
Dragon Lance icon.png Dragon Lance 14 1900 135.71
Drum of Endurance icon.png Drum of Endurance 6 1475 245.83
Eaglesong icon.png Eaglesong 25 3000 120
Ethereal Blade icon.png Ethereal Blade 40 4500 112.5
Eye of Skadi icon.png Eye of Skadi 25 5300 212
Ghost Scepter icon.png Ghost Scepter 5 1500 300
Helm of the Dominator icon.png Helm of the Dominator 6 2350 391.67
Holy Locket icon.png Holy Locket 3 2500 833.33
Hurricane Pike icon.png Hurricane Pike 20 4525 226.25
Illusionist's Cape icon.png Illusionist's Cape 14 N/A N/A
Iron Branch icon.png Iron Branch 1 50 50
Ironwood Tree icon.png Ironwood Tree 6 N/A N/A
Linken's Sphere icon.png Linken's Sphere 14 4600 328.57
Magic Wand icon.png Magic Wand 3 450 150
Manta Style icon.png Manta Style 26 4600 176.92
Meteor Hammer icon.png Meteor Hammer 8 2350 293.75
Mirror Shield icon.png Mirror Shield 20 N/A N/A
Ninja Gear icon.png Ninja Gear 20 N/A N/A
Null Talisman icon.png Null Talisman 2 510 255
Ocean Heart icon.png Ocean Heart 5 N/A N/A
Poor Man's Shield icon.png Poor Man's Shield 8 N/A N/A
Power Treads (Agility) icon.png Power Treads (Agility) 10 N/A N/A
Ring of Aquila (Active) icon.png Ring of Aquila 16 N/A N/A
Rod of Atos icon.png Rod of Atos 10 2750 275
Sange and Yasha icon.png Sange and Yasha 16 4100 256.25
Scythe of Vyse icon.png Scythe of Vyse 10 5575 557.5
Slippers of Agility icon.png Slippers of Agility 3 145 48.33
Solar Crest icon.png Solar Crest 10 3725 372.5
Spell Prism icon.png Spell Prism 12 N/A N/A
Spirit Vessel icon.png Spirit Vessel 2 2940 1470
Trident icon.png Trident 30 6150 205
Ultimate Orb icon.png Ultimate Orb 10 2050 205
Urn of Shadows icon.png Urn of Shadows 2 840 420
Vambrace (Agility) icon.png Vambrace (Agility) 10 N/A N/A
Vambrace (Intelligence) icon.png Vambrace (Intelligence) 5 N/A N/A
Vambrace (Strength) icon.png Vambrace (Strength) 5 N/A N/A
Veil of Discord icon.png Veil of Discord 4 1525 381.25
Wraith Band icon.png Wraith Band 5 510 102
Yasha icon.png Yasha 16 2050 128.13
Yasha and Kaya icon.png Yasha and Kaya 16 4100 256.25
Values may include portions from actives or auras.

Intelligence[edit]

Attack damage increase for intelligence heroes
Item Value Item cost Cost per value point
Aghanim's Scepter icon.png Aghanim's Scepter 10 4200 420
Arcane Ring icon.png Arcane Ring 10 N/A N/A
Bloodstone icon.png Bloodstone 16 5250 328.13
Bloodthorn icon.png Bloodthorn 55 6475 117.73
Book of the Dead icon.png Book of the Dead 30 N/A N/A
Bracer icon.png Bracer 5 510 102
Circlet icon.png Circlet 2 155 77.5
Clumsy Net icon.png Clumsy Net 5 N/A N/A
Crown icon.png Crown 4 450 112.5
Dagon 1 icon.png Dagon 1 6 N/A N/A
Dagon 2 icon.png Dagon 2 8 2650 331.25
Dagon 3 icon.png Dagon 3 10 3950 395
Dagon 4 icon.png Dagon 4 12 5250 437.5
Dagon 5 icon.png Dagon 5 14 6550 467.86
Diffusal Blade 1 icon.png Diffusal Blade 10 3150 315
Drum of Endurance icon.png Drum of Endurance 6 1475 245.83
Echo Sabre icon.png Echo Sabre 25 2500 100
Essence Ring icon.png Essence Ring 6 N/A N/A
Ethereal Blade icon.png Ethereal Blade 10 4500 450
Eul's Scepter of Divinity icon.png Eul's Scepter of Divinity 10 2725 272.5
Eye of Skadi icon.png Eye of Skadi 25 5300 212
Fallen Sky icon.png Fallen Sky 20 N/A N/A
Force Staff icon.png Force Staff 10 2175 217.5
Ghost Scepter icon.png Ghost Scepter 5 1500 300
Helm of the Dominator icon.png Helm of the Dominator 6 2350 391.67
Holy Locket icon.png Holy Locket 3 2500 833.33
Hurricane Pike icon.png Hurricane Pike 13 4525 348.08
Iron Branch icon.png Iron Branch 1 50 50
Ironwood Tree icon.png Ironwood Tree 6 N/A N/A
Kaya icon.png Kaya 16 2050 128.13
Kaya and Sange icon.png Kaya and Sange 16 4100 256.25
Linken's Sphere icon.png Linken's Sphere 14 4600 328.57
Magic Wand icon.png Magic Wand 3 450 150
Manta Style icon.png Manta Style 10 4600 460
Mantle of Intelligence icon.png Mantle of Intelligence 3 145 48.33
Meteor Hammer icon.png Meteor Hammer 8 2350 293.75
Mirror Shield icon.png Mirror Shield 20 N/A N/A
Mystic Staff icon.png Mystic Staff 25 2700 108
Null Talisman icon.png Null Talisman 5 510 102
Oblivion Staff icon.png Oblivion Staff 25 1500 60
Ocean Heart icon.png Ocean Heart 5 N/A N/A
Orchid Malevolence icon.png Orchid Malevolence 50 3475 69.5
Power Treads (Intelligence) icon.png Power Treads (Intelligence) 10 N/A N/A
Ring of Aquila (Active) icon.png Ring of Aquila 10 N/A N/A
Robe of the Magi icon.png Robe of the Magi 6 450 75
Rod of Atos icon.png Rod of Atos 20 2750 137.5
Scythe of Vyse icon.png Scythe of Vyse 35 5575 159.29
Shiva's Guard icon.png Shiva's Guard 30 4850 161.67
Silver Edge icon.png Silver Edge 50 6100 122
Solar Crest icon.png Solar Crest 10 3725 372.5
Spell Prism icon.png Spell Prism 12 N/A N/A
Spirit Vessel icon.png Spirit Vessel 2 2940 1470
Staff of Wizardry icon.png Staff of Wizardry 10 1000 100
Trident icon.png Trident 30 6150 205
Ultimate Orb icon.png Ultimate Orb 10 2050 205
Urn of Shadows icon.png Urn of Shadows 2 840 420
Vambrace (Agility) icon.png Vambrace (Agility) 5 N/A N/A
Vambrace (Intelligence) icon.png Vambrace (Intelligence) 10 N/A N/A
Vambrace (Strength) icon.png Vambrace (Strength) 5 N/A N/A
Veil of Discord icon.png Veil of Discord 4 1525 381.25
Wraith Band icon.png Wraith Band 2 510 255
Yasha and Kaya icon.png Yasha and Kaya 16 4100 256.25
Values may include portions from actives or auras.

Bonus attack damage[edit]

Attack damage increase independent from primary attribute
Item Value Item cost Cost per value point
Abyssal Blade icon.png Abyssal Blade 25 6625 265
Armlet of Mordiggian (Inactive) icon.png Armlet of Mordiggian 46 2475 53.8
Battle Fury icon.png Battle Fury 55 4180 76
Black King Bar icon.png Black King Bar 24 4050 168.75
Blade Mail icon.png Blade Mail 28 2050 73.21
Blades of Attack icon.png Blades of Attack 9 450 50
Bloodthorn icon.png Bloodthorn 30 6475 215.83
Bracer icon.png Bracer 3 510 170
Broadsword icon.png Broadsword 15 1000 66.67
Broom Handle icon.png Broom Handle 12 N/A N/A
Butterfly icon.png Butterfly 25 5275 211
Claymore icon.png Claymore 21 1400 66.67
Crystalys icon.png Crystalys 32 1950 60.94
Daedalus icon.png Daedalus 88 5150 58.52
Demon Edge icon.png Demon Edge 42 2200 52.38
Desolator icon.png Desolator 60 3500 58.33
Divine Rapier icon.png Divine Rapier 330 6000 18.18
Echo Sabre icon.png Echo Sabre 15 2500 166.67
Faerie Fire icon.png Faerie Fire 2 70 35
Greater Faerie Fire icon.png Greater Faerie Fire 40 N/A N/A
Havoc Hammer icon.png Havoc Hammer 30 N/A N/A
Imp Claw icon.png Imp Claw 24 N/A N/A
Maelstrom icon.png Maelstrom 24 2700 112.5
Mask of Madness icon.png Mask of Madness 15 1775 118.33
Mind Breaker icon.png Mind Breaker 25 N/A N/A
Mithril Hammer icon.png Mithril Hammer 24 1600 66.67
Mjollnir icon.png Mjollnir 24 5600 233.33
Monkey King Bar icon.png Monkey King Bar 42 4850 115.48
Nullifier icon.png Nullifier 80 4725 59.06
Oblivion Staff icon.png Oblivion Staff 15 1500 100
Orchid Malevolence icon.png Orchid Malevolence 30 3475 115.83
Paladin Sword icon.png Paladin Sword 20 N/A N/A
Quarterstaff icon.png Quarterstaff 10 875 87.5
Radiance (Active) icon.png Radiance 60 5150 85.83
Ring of Aquila (Active) icon.png Ring of Aquila 7 N/A N/A
Sacred Relic icon.png Sacred Relic 60 3800 63.33
Satanic icon.png Satanic 25 5800 232
Shadow Blade icon.png Shadow Blade 25 3000 120
Silver Edge icon.png Silver Edge 40 6100 152.5
Skull Basher icon.png Skull Basher 25 2950 118
Stygian Desolator icon.png Stygian Desolator 75 N/A N/A
Values may include portions from actives or auras.

Attack damage increasing abilities[edit]

Percentage Bonus[edit]

  • Gives a unit a damage buff equal to a percentage of their main attack damage.

Flat bonus[edit]

  • Armlet of Mordiggian (Inactive) icon.png
    Attack Damage Bonus: 31
  • Warpath icon.png
    Max Stacks: 5/7/9
    Attack Damage Bonus per Stack: 18/24/30 (Talent 48/54/60)
    Stack Duration: 14
  • Insatiable Hunger icon.png
    Attack Damage Bonus: 60/100/140 (Talent 120/160/200)
    Duration: 14
  • Astral Spirit icon.png
    Attack Damage Bonus per Creep: 6/9/12/15
    Attack Damage Bonus per Hero: 15/30/60/80 (Talent 45/60/90/110)
    Duration: 10
    Elder Titan gains bonus attack damage after the Astral Spirit returns to him based on the amount of units it has hit.
  • Alacrity icon.png
    Attack Damage Bonus (Exort): 10/25/40/55/70/85/100 (Upgradable by Aghanim's Scepter. /115)
    Duration: 9
  • Exort icon.png
    Attack Damage Bonus per Exort Instance: 3/7/11/15/19/23/27
    Maximum of 3 Exort instances.
  • Duel icon.png
    Attack Damage Bonus: 10/18/26 (Talent 50/58/66)
    The winner of the duel gains a permanent attack damage bonus.
  • Jingu Mastery icon.png
    Charges: 4
    Attack Damage Bonus: 60/90/120/150 (Talent 135/165/195/225)
    Grants Monkey King bonus attack damage for 4 attacks after having attacked the same enemy hero 4 times.
  • Stifling Dagger icon.png
    Attack Damage Bonus: 65
    Damage is granted as the projectile hits the target and immediately removed afterwards, so that only the dagger can use it.
  • Static Link icon.png
    Attack Damage Stolen per Second: 7/14/21/28 (Talent 14/21/28/35)
    Link Duration: 8
    Buff Duration: 18
  • Necromastery icon.png
    Max Souls: 12/20/28/36 (Upgradable by Aghanim's Scepter. 22/30/38/46)
    Attack Damage Bonus per Soul: 2 (Talent 4)
  • Refraction icon.png
    Number of Instances: 3/4/5/6 (Talent 7/8/9/10)
    Attack Damage Bonus: 20/40/60/80
    Duration: 17
  • Metamorphosis icon.png
    Attack Damage Bonus: 20/40/60/80
    Duration: 40/44/48/52
    Damage is directly added to the unit's main attack damage.
  • Grow icon.png
    Attack Damage Bonus: 30/45/60
    Damage is directly added to the unit's main attack damage.
  • Atrophy Aura icon.png
    Permanent Hero Death Attack Damage Bonus: 2/3/4/5 (Talent 9/10/11/12)
    Hero Death Attack Damage Bonus: 30/35/40/45
    Creep Death Attack Damage Bonus: 5
    Duration: 30/40/50/60 (Upgradable by Aghanim's Scepter. 70/80/90/100)
    Damage bonuses are independent from each other and fully stack.

Conditional bonus[edit]

These abilities give direct attack damage bonuses under certain circumstances. Due to this, they do not display their damage bonus in the HUD. Their damage type can also vary and is not necessarily physical; nonetheless, they still count as attack damage since their damage is dealt in one instance together with a unit's attack damage. This means they are affected by armor type (even when dealing magical damage), but not by spell damage amplification.

  • Abyssal Blade icon.png
    Proc Chance (Melee): 25%
    Proc Chance (Ranged): 10%
    Damage: 100
    Damage applies to the proccing attack. Magical damage.
  • Mana Break icon.png
    Mana Burned per Hit: 28/40/52/64
    Max Mana Burned per Hit: 50%
    Burned Mana as Damage: 1%/2%/3%/4%
    Damage applies upon attacking units which have mana.
  • Battle Fury icon.png
    Melee Attack Damage Bonus: 18
    Ranged Attack Damage Bonus: 5
    Damage only applies against non-hero units.
  • Diffusal Blade 1 icon.png
    Mana Burned per Hit: 50
    Mana Burned per Hit (Melee Illusion): 16
    Mana Burned per Hit (Ranged Illusion): 8
    Burned Mana as Damage: 80%
    Damage applies upon attacking units which have mana.
  • Marksmanship icon.png
    Proc Chance: 20%/30%/40%
    Proc Damage: 120/130/140
    Damage applies to the proccing attack. Physical damage.
  • Demolish (Earth) icon.png
    Building Attack Damage Bonus: 90/180/270
    Damage applies when attacking buildings.
  • Sleight of Fist icon.png
    Attack Damage Bonus against heroes: 40/80/120/160
    Only deals bonus damage to heroes.
  • Enchanted Quiver icon.png
    Damage: 300
    Cooldown: 5
    Damage applies whenever it is off cooldown, and only to ranged attacks. Magical damage.
  • Iron Talon - [[Iron Talon#|]]
    Iron Talon icon.png
    Melee Attack Damage Bonus: 24
    Ranged Attack Damage Bonus: 7
    Damage only applies against non-hero units.
  • Javelin icon.png
    Proc Chance: 25%
    Damage: 100
    Damage applies to the proccing attack. Magical damage.
  • Tidebringer icon.png
    Attack Damage Bonus: 25/50/75/100
    Cooldown: 13/10/7/4
    Damage applies whenever it is off cooldown and on autocast, or upon manually using.
  • The Leveller icon.png
    Building Attack Damage Bonus: 25%
    Damage applies when attacking buildings.
  • Stone Gaze icon.png
    Attack Damage Amplification: 50%
    Damage applies upon attacking units which are petrified.
  • Talent Left 3.png
    Mana Burned per Hit: 25
    Mana Burned per Hit (Illusion): 10
    Burned Mana as Damage: 80%
    Damage applies upon attacking units which have mana.
  • Monkey King Bar icon.png
    Proc Chance: 75%
    Damage: 100
    Damage applies to the proccing attack. Magical damage.
  • Mana Break (Necronomicon Warrior) icon.png
    Mana Burned per Hit: 30/40/50
    Burned Mana as Damage: 50%
    Damage applies upon attacking units which have mana.
  • Quelling Blade icon.png
    Melee Attack Damage Bonus: 15
    Ranged Attack Damage Bonus: 6
    Damage only applies against non-hero units.
  • Cloak and Dagger icon.png
    Agility as Backstab Damage: 140%/180%/220% (Talent 190%/230%/270%)
    Damage applies when attacking enemies from behind. Damage is based on Riki's agility.
  • Bash (Roshan) icon.png
    Proc Chance: 15%
    Damage: 50
    Damage applies to the proccing attack. Physical damage.
  • Shadow Blade icon.png
    Damage: 175
    Damage applies to the first attack out of the invisibility.
  • Silver Edge icon.png
    Damage: 175
    Damage applies to the first attack out of the invisibility.
  • Skull Basher icon.png
    Proc Chance (Melee): 25%
    Proc Chance (Ranged): 10%
    Damage: 100
    Damage applies to the proccing attack. Magical damage.
  • Bash of the Deep icon.png
    Required Hits: 4
    Damage: 75/125/175/225
    Damage applies to the proccing attack.
  • Headshot icon.png
    Proc Chance: 40%
    Damage: 30/60/90/120
    Damage applies to the proccing attack.
  • Demolish (Spirit Bear) icon.png
    Building Attack Damage Bonus: 40%
    Damage applies when attacking buildings.
  • Wind Walk (Storm) icon.png
    Damage: 100/160/220
    Damage applies to the first attack out of the invisibility.
  • Tree Grab icon.png
    Building Attack Damage Bonus: 80%/120%/160%/200%
    Damage applies when attacking buildings.
  • Fury Swipes icon.png
    Attack Damage Bonus per Stack: 7/14/21/28 (Talent 23/30/37/44)
    Damage applies to each attack and grows stronger with consecutive attacks on the same target.
  • Talent Right 2.png
    Mana Burned per Hit: 20
    Mana Burned per Hit (Illusion): 10
    Burned Mana as Damage: 80%
    Damage applies upon attacking units which have mana.

Attack damage reducing abilities[edit]

Percentage reduction[edit]

  • Main attack damage reduction applies to main attack (white damage) only.
  • Overall attack damage reduction applies to both main attack damage (white) and bonus damage (green).
  • All effects shown here reduce the affected unit's damage before any damage block is applied.


  • Breathe Fire icon.png
    Overall Attack Damage Reduction: 25% (Talent 50%)
  • Illusion icon.png
    Overall Attack Damage Reduction: ??%
    Illusionist's Cape is the only working source of bonus damage for illusions. Note that while most illusions deal reduced attack damage, some do not.
  • Howl icon.png
    Main Attack Damage Reduction: 25%/30%/35%/40%
  • Stifling Dagger icon.png
    Overall Attack Damage Reduction: 75%/60%/45%/30%
    The reduction is applied as the projectile hits the target and immediately removed afterwards, so that only the dagger is affected by it.
  • Anchor Smash icon.png
    Main Attack Damage Reduction: 30%/40%/50%/60%
  • Atrophy Aura icon.png
    Main Attack Damage Reduction: 7%/18%/29%/40%
  • Focus Fire icon.png
    Overall Attack Damage Reduction: 50%/40%/30%
    Reduces own attack damage when attacking the Focus Fire target.

Flat reduction[edit]

Flat damage reduction is applied before crits as negative bonus attack damage.

  • Static Link icon.png
    Attack Damage Stolen per Second: 7/14/21/28 (Talent 21/28/35/42)
    Link Duration: 8
  • Fade Bolt icon.png
    Hero Attack Damage Reduction: 20/25/30/35 (Talent 65/70/75/80)
    Creep Attack Damage Reduction: 10/13/15/17

Conditional reduction[edit]

These abilities reduce attack damage under certain circumstances. Due to this, they do not display their reductions in the HUD.

  • Marksmanship icon.png
    Splinter Attack Damage Reduction: 50%
    Reduces Drow Ranger's attack damage when the secondary projectiles hit.
  • Sleight of Fist icon.png
    Attack Damage Reduction Against Creeps: 50%
    Only reduces damage against creeps.
  • Blade Fury icon.png
    Attack Damage Reduction: 100%
    When attacking non-building units during Blade Fury, the attack damage gets reduced to 0.
  • Split Shot icon.png
    Attack Damage Reduction: 70%/55%/40%/25%
    Reduces Medusa's attack damage when the secondary projectiles hit.

See also[edit]